Artistic and Specialty lace
Art nouveau at the beginning of the 20th century saw the development of artistic lace-making. Here, works of art serve as the patterns instead of the traditional prickings. The South Tyrolean artist Heiner Gschwendt and the Austrian painter Gustav Klimt, for example, provided numerous designs. Artistic lace-making does not necessarily follow a geometric form, but can break through it. Specialty lace therefore includes artistic motifs independent of the classical patterns, but also free-standing figurines.